The condition ulcerative colitis refers to a type of inflammatory bowel disease in which there is a significant amount of digestive tract inflammation. This condition is often a key cause of pain in the abdomen and may also be a contributing factor for diarrhea. It is considered to be a debilitating condition that can even have life-threatening complications in some people.
Understanding Ulcerative Colitis
The condition impacts the innermost lining of the colon, or large intestine, and the rectum. Ulcerative colitis occurs when the colon must stretch continuously, creating an even layer of inflammation spanning most of this area. There is currently no known cure for this condition, but your ulcerative colitis doctor in Brooklyn can offer treatment options that can effectively ease symptoms in most situations.
There are several types of ulcerative colitis including:
- Ulcerative proctitis: This type impacts only the rectum and causes rectal bleeding. Some people may have rectal pain and an urgent feeling to use the bathroom. It can also cause an inability to move the bowels.
- Left-side colitis: This version creates inflammation that is located on the left side of the sigmoid and descending colon. The most common symptoms include diarrhea with blood, cramping, weight loss, and pain.
- Pancolitis: This form of the condition creates intermittent bouts of diarrhea that range in severity. Fatigue, weight loss, night sweats, and cramping are also common symptoms.
- Fulminant colitis: In this form, which is a much more rare condition, individuals will have colitis that impacts the entire colon. This can result in severe pain and diarrhea and can even be life threatening when it leads to severe dehydration and shock. Complications of this type of ulcerative colitis include ruptures of the colon and toxic megacolon, which is a life-threatening condition.
Ulcerative colitis is a serious condition that should be treated with great care. Individuals who suffer from this condition need to monitor their health regularly with the help of a Brooklyn gastroenterologist who specializes in treating this condition. If you suffer from ulcerative colitis, don’t hesitate to visit one of our specialists at our Cobble Hill or Ocean Parkway office in Brooklyn, NY for help in managing your condition.